Malin's notes

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gnu/linux

To change ownership of everything that's not already owned by a user

find /home/rtorrent/ ! -user rtorrent -exec chown rtorrent:rtorrent {} \; &

rtl8812AU

https://github.com/abperiasamy/rtl8812AU_8821AU_linux.git

remove led-disco

/etc/modprobe.d/8188eu-blacklist.conf

options 8812au rtw_led_enable=0


for dev in $( lsblk | awk '/sd[a-z].*1,8T/ { print }' ); do echo =============================== $dev ============================ ; smartctl -a /dev/$dev ; done | pastebinit


mdadm --remove /dev/md0 failed # all failed devices

mdadm --remove /dev/md0 detached # failed ones that aren't in /dev anymore

ip addr add 192.168.0.101/24 dev eth0 ; ip route add default via 192.168.0.1 dev eth0


Mulig rekkefølge med forbehold om at et ikke stemmer, for å endre vg navn på vg med root-partisjon vgchange gammel-vg ny-vg vgchange -ay

endre i /etc/fstab

grub-install /dev/XxX

update-initramfs -k all -u

reboot

Crossflash Dell PERC H200 from ir to it-mode

The short answer

I slightly followed this guide:

https://blog.michael.kuron-germany.de/2014/11/crossflashing-dell-perc-h200-to-lsi-9211-8i/comment-page-1/

The longer answer is. I followed the guide, this way, but did it a little different

The longer answer

Prepare a usb memory stick formatted to fat32 with two folders called P07 and P20

Step 1 download old firmware

1. Download this zip archive from dell and unzip it: https://downloads.dell.com/FOLDER02950081M/1/Y2R1T_9211_FW.zip?uid=f06bb69a-8c88-4a54-ac7b-ee8826244140&fn=Y2R1T_9211_FW.zip

2. Extract 6GBPSAS.FW from Y2R1T_9211_FW/Firmware/6GbpsSASHBA_07.03.06.00_A10

3. Extract 2118it.bin from FY2R1T_9211_FW/Firmware/9211-8i_P7/

4. Extract sas2flash.efi from Y2R1T_9211_FW/sas2flash/p05/efi/

5. Place the three extracted files in the P07 folder

Step 2 download current firmware

1. Extract 2118it.bin from Y2R1T_9211_FW/Firmware/9211-8i/P20/

2. Download this zip https://docs.broadcom.com/docs-and-downloads/host-bus-adapters/host-bus-adapters-common-files/sas_sata_6g_p20/Installer_P20_for_UEFI.zip

3. Extract sas2flash.efi from Installer_P20_for_UEFI/sas2flash_efi_ebc_rel/

4. Place this to extracted files in the P20 folder

Step 3 download uefi shell

1. Download an uefi shell: x86_64 UEFI SHELL I choosed version 1 as it worked for the person in the guide Direct download link

2. Extract Shell_Full.efi to the root of the memory stick. I had to rename it to Shellx64.efi to use it with my motherboard, asus P8H67_M_EVO. Check with you motherboard vendor to determine how to use efi-shell

Step 4 flashing

1. boot computer to efi shell

2. If not present with a list with devices, type

map -b

2. On my computer the memory stick is called fs0 so I typed fs0: to change prompt to the memory stick

3.

cd P07

4.

sas2flash -listall

will show the controller. If not, check if it is installed to a pci-e port 5.

sas2flash.efi -c 0 -list

will show controller details and take a note of the sas address number 6.

sas2flash.efi -o -e 6

will erase the old firmware and boot rom 7.

sas2flash.efi -o -f 6GBPSAS.FW

writes the dell 6gbs firmware 8.

sas2flash.efi -o -f 2118it.bin

writes the P07 firmware

9. Then I rebooted

10. boot into efi again

11.

cd P20

12.

sas2flash.efi -o -f 2118it.bin writes the P20 firmware

Notes

Directly copied from the source, step number changed to fit my tutorial:

1. Step 6 showed “Erasing Flash Region” and then after a while “ERROR: Erase Flash Operation Failed!”. I simply proceeded and the error did not appear to affect anything.

2. Visit source to get screenshots vit the error messages

Compile rtorrent libtorrent and xmlrpc-c

libtorrent

rtorrent

./configure --prefix=/usr --with-xmlrpc-c |tee /tmp/conf.log

vim

  1. Merk Noe Og Trykk U For Å Få Det I Lowercase, U For Uppercase ;)
  2. stor v for visual line eller liten for visual der du må merke noe manuelt
  3. ok. jeg glemte å markere først :p
  4. oki :)
  1. iT'S cAPS lOCK DAY!
  1. trykk ~ for å endre fra stor til liten bokstav ;)

grub

How to repair efi bootloader/grub from windows

Open powershell as admin and execute the following command

example: bcdedit.exe /set "{bootmgr}" path \EFI\{distro}\grubx64.efi

if running debian

bcdedit.exe /set "{bootmgr}" path \EFI\debian\grubx64.efi

libvirt

setup new vm from a template

If you have a qcow2 vm template, clone it.:

If you clone a qcow2 in use, stop the vm first:

virsh stop {domain-vm-name}

Then clone the qcow2

virt-clone --original {Domain-Vm-Name-Here} --name {New-Domain-Vm-Name-Here} --auto-clone

Configure your VM to your likings either by virt-manager (gui) or by cli

Start the new vm and log in, either by ssh, or via virt-manager

Change hostname to match the new name of the VM

sudo -i
vi /etc/hostname


vi /etc/hosts

to match the name of the new VM

Example. change:

127.0.1.1       debian-stretch-mal.debian-stretch-mal.locale    debian-stretch-mal

to

127.0.1.1       new-name-vm.new-name-vm.locale    new-name-vm

Also add a line for the ip to the server who runs the VM and for the backup server if you have one, like this

192.168.X.X hostname.domain.xx      hostname


change local ip to a free address

 vi /etc/network/interfaces

and add the new ip in on the host

/etc/hosts

Make ssh keys:

ssh-keygen

go with the defaults by hit enter, when prompted for questions

copy the the public key from

.ssh/id_rsa.pub



If bareos is setup on the qcow2 vm template you also need to change the following line in bareos filedaemon config to match your new vm

vi /etc/bareos/bareos-fd.conf

FileDaemon {
Name = new-name-vm.domain.xx-fd 



  • sources

https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/how-to-clone-existing-kvm-virtual-machine-images-on-linux/

add bareos client

If you already have a bareos backup server

on the new vm or computer you want to backup to bareos

Install bareos-filedaemon on the client if it's not already installed

 apt install bareos-filedaemon
systemctl enable bareos-filedaemon.service


Then log into the bareos server and run bconsole

configure add client name=new-name-vm address=192.168.X.X password=SOME_PASSWORD

Then the config is saved to

/etc/bareos/bareos-dir-export/client/svennd/bareos-fd.d/director/bareos-dir.conf

Copy it to the client in:

/etc/bareos/bareos-fd.d/directory/bareos-dir.conf


  • sources

https://www.svennd.be/adding-a-linux-client-to-bareos/